On October 17th Haitians honour the death of Jean-Jacques Dessalines, a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti. Along with Toussaint L’Ouverture, Dessaline is said to be responsible for naming the modern-day Haiti. Haitians are proud that their country became one of the first independent nations in the Americas and was the first ever republic to be led by people of African descent. Whilst his leadership is not wholly revered, even deemed brutal, Dessalines is respected by the Haitian people for his part in establishing the country. Dessalines is regarded as one of the founding fathers of Haiti.